Validation in the Labour Market
It is inevitable to introduce validation in the labour market of Hungary as it is urged by the European Committee and CEDEFOP, as well. Although inclusion of prior learning into the education process seems more plausible, there might be greater potential and effect in validation of prior learning by its employment increasing function. Validation in the labour market enhances entrances into and permanence within the labour market. However, there is no information on any validation related initiatives which have been developed by Hungarian enterprises. At the same time, employers declare that they take into consideration the outcomes of informal learning of candidates during the recruitment process. So validation exists in the labour market but not in a formalised procedure.
Validation in the Third Sector
The main civil organisations are open to validation and are well-informed on the issue. They provide methodological guidelines on their websites, but these are not included into any formal validation process. Tempus Public Foundation, an NGO coordinator of the Stipendium Hungaricum Programme that enhances foreign students to enter HEIs in Hungary, is not involved into the assessment of prior learning process.
Funding of VPL
The Strategic framework for the policy of lifelong learning for 2014-2020 (adopted in 2014) is engaged in establishing a national validation system for 2018 but concrete programmes have not yet been launched, so the financial background of validation has not been developed. As there is no national level system for validation yet in Hungary, a national framework for funding validation activities is also to come. The costs of prior learning outcomes assessment in adult training sector are borne by retraining providers (the cost is absorbed in the programme fee) as they consider prior learning assessment as part of the training. The costs of credit transfer in HE are borne by HEIs.