Validation in the Labour Market
The level of awareness of the potential value of validation among general public is rather poor and employers also do not see any need to formally certify employees’ competences acquired in non-formal or informal ways.
The Lithuanian Labour Exchange, through its local labour exchange offices, provides jobseekers with information, counselling and employment intermediation services. Counselling includes general consultation, which helps jobseekers to identify their needs and professional opportunities, as well as vocational and psychological consultation. Vocational consultation aims to help jobseekers to assess their skills and personal qualities, to plan their career taking into account their personal features as well as demand from the labour market, and to motivate them for additional training or requalification.
Refugees (and foreigners in general) have limited access to validation services, as validation services are mostly provided in Lithuanian language, which limits their integration into the job market. The Lithuanian Labour Exchange is also active in this respect, as it is planning to use modern professional tests, namely ProfileXT, to speed up the integration of refugees into the labour market. The ProfileXT test will allow refugees to answer questions in their own language, while the results will be available in Lithuanian and will be provided to Lithuanian companies searching for people with a corresponding profile.
Funding of VPL
Usually, applicants for validation are required to pay a certain fee for the validation process, where the fee is determined by the validating institution (education provider) subject to some constraints. At the HE level, the first stage of the validation process, which involves providing information about the validation principles and procedures is free of charge. If the applicant further decides to undertake validation, the cost of validation is calculated taking into account the cost of analysing of the application, consultation and preparation for the validation (this cost cannot exceed the value of one basic social benefit, i.e. 38 Eur in 2016) and the cost of the competence assessment, which depends on the degree of correspondence between the individual’s competences and study results (the cost for one credit cannot exceed 0.6 of the basic social benefit).
At the VET level, if validation is carried out for the purpose of enrolling into a VET study programme, validation is financed from the funds allocated for the VET programme implementation