The validation of non-formal and informal learning is still in a starting phase in higher education. It was legally introduced in the Turkish higher education system in 2011. However, no set of principles exists that will direct HEIs in practice. Only recognition of the non-formal and informal learning of registered HE students is allowed.
VPL in Higher Education
A national system of validation is in progress and the establishment of the Turkish Qualification Framework and the aforementioned new regulations support the further development of the system. Four stages of validation are defined in related regulations. They are all included in the national arrangements. Identification and documentation need to be developed further, whereas assessment and certification methods are more or less in place. The VNFIL-system at present is geared to assessment and certification.
Validation in the Third Sector
This is an area of further development in collaboration with the VQA.
Funding of VPL
The funding arrangements need to involve the state, individual and the organisation/institution. There is overall funding provided to the institutions carrying out validation activities, in addition to their other activities. In other words, funding is not specifically allocated for validation. Therefore, it is not possible to state an overall government budget specifically for validation.