This report accounts for the recognition and validation of knowledge, competences and skills, acquired by individuals through prior learning that has not been formally certified, in lifelong learning pathways in Italy. It describes the situation and developments in the period 2008-2010 in the different areas of lifelong and
continuing learning, focusing on learning in non-formal and informal contexts, and drawing upon previous analyses and investigations published in other documents.1 For a complete understanding of the present report, please refer also to the documentation available in the “Document section” in the OBSERVAL
database and on the E-form website.